Use the hottest water that you can without making it so hot that you burn yourself. Don’t fill the sink all the way to the top, since you need room to drop the dishes in. Make it about half full. If you’d like you can fill a large bowl in the sink instead of the sink itself. This will make it a little easier if you have to change the water.
If you have any dishes that have baked on grime that will be hard to get off, fill these dishes with the hot water as well and set them on the counter so that they are out of the way. Let them sit for about 10 to 15 minutes. You can also put smaller dishes such as spatulas and knives.
Add a couple squirts of dish soap for hand washing to the sink and stir it around with your hands to make a uniform solution with lots of bubbles. If the soapy water is hard on your hands, you can wear a pair of rubber gloves. This will also protect you from cutting yourself on any utensils.
Begin with the glasses and delicate plates, such as those used for dessert. Clean any flatware next, then proceed to the dinner plates, and then finally the pots and pans and cooking utensils that had been soaking. You want to do the most delicate items first to ensure they don’t break, and the most soiled items last, so they don’t get the sink and cleaning tools dirty at the start of the process.
As you finish with scrubbing each dish, you want to rinse it off under the tap to remove the soap, or in the second sink if you’re using the double-bowled method. For this method, you can simply fill the second sink with lukewarm water and dunk the dishes in to rinse them, replacing the water as needed. If you don’t have a second sink, just rinse the dishes under the tap. You may need to drain out a little of the water as you do so. Using lukewarm water is fine. If you have hard water, add a cup of white vinegar to the rinse sink to help prevent the mineral deposits from forming on your dishes as they dry.