The Guinea spice, or more commonly known as the Cayenne Pepper is a cultivar of Capsicum annuum, which is closely relate to bell peppers, jalapenos, paprika, and others. It is also known as cow-horn pepper, red hot chili pepper, bird pepper, or , especially in its powdered form, red pepper.The Capsicum genus is in the nightshade family of Solanaceae. The name originated from it being used as a hot chili pepper to flavor dishes and named after the city of Cayenne in the region of French Guiana.
Many of the cultivated varieties of Cayenne can be easily grown on tropical and temperate zones and on a variety of locations. This crop can mature in about 100 days. Even though they can grow almost virtually anywhere, peppers still prefer the warm, moist, and nutrient-rich soils in warm regions. It can grow to about 1 meter in height and needs a space of at least 1 meter apart in your backyard gardens. The Cayenne pepper chili are mostly perennial in tropical and sub tropical regions and are annuals in temperate climates. They just need to be protected from frost and require some pruning if you are planning to have them overwintered.
Cayenne is a very popular spice in a variety of cuisines. It is used variously in its fresh form, dried and powdered, and as dried flakes. It is also a key ingredient in a variety of hot sauces. Cayenne pepper is often spread on sandwiches or similar items to add a spicy flavor.